Drug Treatment Court Principles

Reducing substance abuse, crime and recidivism.

The TDTC is committed to rehabilitating substance dependant Torontonians who commit crimes to support their addiction.

The organization is a member of the Canadian Association of Drug Treatment Courts, CADTC, and as such follows internationally recognized Drug Treatment Court Principles, tailored to the needs of individual jurisdiction.

  • Drug Treatment Courts integrate addiction treatment services with justice system case processing
  • Using a non-adversarial approach, prosecution and defense counsel promote public safety while protecting participants’ Charter rights
  • Eligible participants are identified early and placed in the Drug Treatment Court program as promptly as possible
  • Drug Treatment Courts provide access to a continuum of drug, alcohol and other related treatment and rehabilitative services
  • Compliance is objectively monitored by frequent substance testing
  • A coordinated strategy governs Drug Treatment Court response to participants’ compliance and non-compliance
  • Swift, certain and consistent sanctions or rewards for non-compliance or compliance
  • Ongoing judicial interaction with each Drug Treatment Court participant is essential
  • Monitoring and evaluation processes measure the achievement of program goals and gauge effectiveness
  • Continuing interdisciplinary education promotes effective Drug Treatment Court planning implementation, and operations
  • Forging partnerships among courts, treatment and rehabilitation programs, public agencies and community based organizations generates local support and enhances program effectiveness
  • Ongoing case management providing the social support necessary to achieve social reintegration
  • Appropriate flexibility in adjusting program content, including incentives and sanctions, to better achieve program results with particular groups such as women, indigenous people and minority ethnic groups

More about the CADTC

A not-for profit organization, the CADTC represents the interests of DTCs across Canada. The organization undertakes numerous initiatives to ensure that member organizations and the public are aware of DTCs and their principles.


  • Education and community outreach.
  • Provide a forum through which best practices for Drug Treatment Courts can be developed and disseminated.
  • Provide assistance and training in planning and establishing new Drug Treatment Courts.
  • Offer advice and make recommendations to government and non-government agencies on DTC justice issues.

For more information:   cadtc.org